Encouraging Phase 2 Interim Data for Elotuzumab in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Presented at 52nd American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting
Phase 2 Interim Results Show High Objective Response Rate for Patients Treated with Elotuzumab plus Lenalidomide and Low-Dose Dexamethasone
Phase 3 Clinical Development Program to Start in Early 2011
Abbott Park, Illinois and Princeton, New Jersey — Abbott (NYSE: ABT) and Bristol-Myers Squibb Company (NYSE: BMY) today announced interim results from the Phase 2 portion of a Phase 1b/2 open-label study which showed a high objective response rate (ORR) among patients with relapsed multiple myeloma (MM) who received elotuzumab plus lenalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone. ORR, the primary endpoint of the Phase 2 portion of the study, was defined as partial response or better and assessed using International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria. These results were presented today during an oral session at the 52nd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology in Orlando.
Of 31 previously-treated patients who received elotuzumab 10 mg/kg plus lenalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone, 28 (90%) achieved an objective response. Of 32 previously-treated patients who received elotuzumab 20 mg/kg plus lenalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone, 23 (72%) achieved an objective response. The median time to progression-free survival was not reached after 4.9 months of follow-up.
In the study, grade 3 and 4 adverse events included neutropenia (14%), lymphopenia (14%) and thrombocytopenia (13%). The overall rate of treatment-emergent grade 3/4 adverse events was 56%. The overall rate of grade 3/4 elotuzumab-related adverse events was 24%. Of patients with infusion-related reactions, one patient (1.6%) experienced grade 3 rash within 24 hours of treatment with elotuzumab. There were no grade 4 infusion-related adverse events. The most common elotuzumab-related adverse events were fatigue (21%), pyrexia (14%), lymphopenia (11%), nausea (11%) diarrhea (11%), constipation (10%) and neutropenia (10%).
Multiple myeloma is the second most common blood cancer in the United States[i], with a 5-year survival rate of approximately 35%.[ii],[iii] Elotuzumab is an investigational humanized monoclonal antibody specifically directed against CS1, a cell-surface glycoprotein that is highly and uniformly present on multiple myeloma cells.
“There remains a need for more effective and tolerable treatment options for patients with relapsed multiple myeloma, as almost all patients eventually relapse and require further therapy,” said Paul G. Richardson, M.D. Clinical Director, Jerome Lipper Center for Multiple Myeloma, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, lead author and investigator on the study. “The preliminary Phase 2 data presented today support further investigation of the potential role of elotuzumab in combination with lenalidomide and low-dose dexamethasoneas a treatment option for patients with relapsed multiple myeloma.”
A Phase 3 clinical development program for elotuzumab in relapsed multiple myeloma is expected to be initiated in early 2011.
About the Phase 1b/2 Study
The primary endpoint of the Phase 2 portion of this Phase 1b/2, multicenter, open-label dose-escalation study was ORR according to the IMWG response criteria. Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive elotuzumab either 10 or 20 mg/kg (IV infusion on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of a 28-day cycle in the first 2 cycles and then days 1 and 15 of subsequent cycles), along with lenalidomide 25 mg PO daily on days 1 to 21 and dexamethasone 40 mg PO weekly. Patients were treated until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity, if earlier. To control potential infusion reactions, patients received methylprednisolone (50 mg IV), diphenhydramine (25–50 mg PO or IV) or equivalent, ranitidine (50 mg IV) or equivalent, and acetaminophen (650–1000 mg PO) 30 to 60 minutes prior to each elotuzumab infusion.
Updated Results from a Second Phase 1b Study also Presented
Updated results from an ongoing Phase 1b study of elotuzumab in combination with bortezomib were also presented today at the ASH annual meeting. In this study of elotuzumab plus bortezomib in 27 evaluable patients, 13 patients (48%) had an objective response and 17 patients (63%) achieved a clinical response, defined as minimal response or better using the combined European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplant (EBMT) criteria. Median time to disease progression was 9.46 months in the evaluable population. No dose-limiting toxicities were reported and a maximum tolerated dose was not established. The most frequent elotuzumab-related grade 3/4 AEs were fatigue and thrombocytopenia (7%). Serious adverse events related to elotuzumab included one grade 3 chest pain and one grade 3 gastroenteritis. Twenty patients (71%) experienced one or more infusion reactions. The primary endpoint for this study was the incidence of dose-limiting toxicities in the first treatment cycle for each cohort.
About Multiple Myeloma
Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer that originates in the white blood cells. It is the second most common blood cancer in the United States. In 2010, it is estimated that 20,180 new cases will be diagnosed in the U.S. and that 10,650 people will die from the disease.[iv]
Abbott is a global, broad-based health care company devoted to the discovery, development, manufacture and marketing of pharmaceuticals and medical products, including nutritionals, devices and diagnostics. The company employs nearly 90,000 people and markets its products in more than 130 countries.
About Bristol-Myers Squibb
Bristol-Myers Squibb is a global biopharmaceutical company committed to discovering, developing and delivering innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases. For more information, please visit www.bms.com.
Abbott Forward Looking Statements
Some statements in this news release may be forward-looking statements for purposes of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Abbott cautions that these forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements. Economic, competitive, governmental, technological and other factors that may affect Abbott’s operations are discussed in Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” to our Annual Report on Securities and Exchange Commission Form 10-K for the year ended Dec. 31, 2009, and in Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” to our Quarterly Report on Securities and Exchange Commission Form 10-Q for the period ended Sept 30, 2010, and are incorporated by reference. Abbott undertakes no obligation to release publicly any revisions to forward-looking statements as a result of subsequent events or developments.
Bristol-Myers Squibb Forward-Looking Statements
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i. National Cancer Institute Web site; accessed November 16, 2010 – www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/myeloma
iv. National Cancer Institute Web site; accessed November 16, 2010 – www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/myeloma